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The Aqeedah Of Barelvi Deviant Sect Of Islam by Abu Ammaar Saeed Ahmed IRFNY

Written By: irfny on January 11, 2014 No Comment

The word ‘aqeedah was best defined at the time of Muhammad (pbuh) and his Companions (ra) because they had the best understanding of ‘aqeedah, because it was during the time of direct revelation from Allah.

As time moved on till the next generations, there were many groups that appeared in parts of Arabia and parts of the world that had different opinions and different interpretations of ‘aqeedah, based on their personal understanding of the Divine language. Many differed among them in understanding of the proper ‘aqeedah and basic fundamentals of Islam.

Many groups differed in defining the term ‘aqeedah, except the Prophet (pbuh) himself and the Companions. Later, Iblees came in a human form to divert people from the straight path to his path, and ignorant people started believing and following one particular leader, he was the root cause of diverting people from true teaching Allah and His Prophet.

The basic fundamental of Islam is to believe in the Allah alone and that He is the Sole Doer and Controller of everything in the universe. It is very important for a Muslim to check his or her ‘aqeedah make sure he or she is adhering to the teachings of the Prophet. In fact, in the Qur’an, there is not a single verse or hadith which mentioned that a Muslim has to follow any particular group other than the Qur’an and Sunnah.

The true authentic teaching of Islam is to practice the true teachings of the Qur’an and the Prophet (pbuh). As Allah mentioned in the Qur’an:

Qur’an 6:153

وَأَنَّ هَـٰذَا صِرَٲطِى مُسۡتَقِيمً۬ا فَٱتَّبِعُوهُ‌ۖ وَلَا تَتَّبِعُواْ ٱلسُّبُلَ فَتَفَرَّقَ بِكُمۡ عَن سَبِيلِهِۦ‌ۚ ذَٲلِكُمۡ وَصَّٮٰكُم بِهِۦ لَعَلَّڪُمۡ تَتَّقُونَ (١٥٣)

Verily, this is My Way leading straight: follow it: follow not (other) paths: they will scatter you about from His path: thus doth He command you, that ye may be righteous. (153)

 

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal recorded that Abdullah bin Mas`ud said,

“The Messenger of Allah drew a line with his hand (in the sand) and said, This is Allah’s path, leading straight. He then drew lines to the right and left of that line and said, These are the other paths, on each path there is a devil who calls to it.

He then recited,

And verily, this is My straight path, so follow it, and follow not (other) paths, for they will separate you away from His path.”

Al-Hakim also recorded this hadith and said”, Its chain is, but they [Bukhari and Muslim] did not record it.”

Imam Ahmad and ‘Abd bin Humayd recorded (and this is the wording of Ahmad) that Jabir said:

“We were sitting with the Prophet when he drew a line in front of him and said, ‘This is Allah’s path.’ He also drew two lines to its right and two lines to its left and said, ‘These are the paths of Shaytan.’ He then placed his hand on the middle path and recited this verse:

And verily, this is My straight path, so follow it, and follow not (other) paths, for they will separate you away from His path.”

Imam Ahmad, Ibn Majah, in the Book of the Sunnah in his Sunan, and Al-Bazzar collected this Hadith. Ibn Jarir recorded that; a man asked Ibn Mas`ud, “What is As-Sirat Al-Mustaqim (the straight path)?

Ibn Mas`ud replied,

“Muhammad left us at its lower end and its other end is in Paradise. To the right of this Path are other paths, and to the left of it are other paths, and there are men (on these paths) calling those who pass by them. Whoever goes on the other paths will end up in the Fire. Whoever takes the Straight Path, will end up in Paradise.”

Ibn Mas`ud then recited the Ayah;

And verily, this is My straight path, so follow it, and follow not (other) paths, for they will separate you away from His path.

Imam Ahmad recorded that, An-Nawwas bin Sam`an said that the Messenger of Allah said, Allah has given a parable of the straight path, and on the two sides of this path, there are two walls containing doorways. On these doorways, there are curtains that are lowered down. on the gate of this path there is a caller heralding,

`O people! come and enter the straight path all together and do not divide. There is also another caller that heralds from above the path, who says when a person wants to remove the curtain on any of these doors, `Woe to you! Do not open this door, for if you open it, you will enter it.

The (straight) path is Islam, the two walls are Allah’s set limits, the open doors lead to Allah’s prohibitions, the caller on the gate of the path is Allah’s Book (the Qur’an), while the caller from above the path is Allah’s admonition in the heart of every Muslim.

At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’i also recorded this Hadith, and At-Tirmidhi said, “Hasan Gharib.

Allah’s statement, (so follow it, and follow not (other) paths…), describes Allah’s path in the singular sense, because truth is one. Allah describes the other paths in the plural, because they are many and are divided.

Tafsir Ends

Another example for better understanding:

You are driving on a highway going straight to your destination, but during your drive, you see many exits on the highway going towards towns and cities. On each exit off the highway, Shaytan is standing there, calling you to come to him, and he will show you a faster and shortcut to your destination (going close to Allah).

How can we identify the human shayateen? They will sometimes have a beard, appear to be pious, be regarded as a scholar, performed many Hajjs, and have lot of blessings in their hands. Thousands of people like these people and listen to them, follow them and accept them as their well-wisher and true guidance towards Islamic teachings.

However, the bottom line is that they have forgotten what the Prophet said: Do not get off the highway, but stay on it to reach the destination by following the Qur’an and Sunnah.

How can we stick to the Sunnah and reject other paths?

Read the Qur’an with understanding, learn about the authentic ahadith and learn to differentiate between the ahadith. Do not follow any who seek to take you off this path, no matter how famous or fair-seeming they may appear. This is the only way you will be saved, Inshallah.

Imam Muslim reports in the introduction to his Saheeh that Ibn Sirin said, This knowledge is the religion, so be careful from whom you take your religion.” (Saheeh Muslim, 26)

Shaytan always try to make a person become involved in shirk, because he knows all good deeds will be go vein after all. When a person gets away from shirk and kufr, Shaytan involves a person in bid‘ah, a hidden attack of Shaytan which is impossible for an illiterate or ignorant person to even identify without knowledge. Shaytan deceives a person through blind following of any pious person, scholar or teacher that belong to any sect of Islam, with teachings that contradict the Qur’an and Sunnah.

An example of bid‘ah is, a person standing before a mirror, he or she will see everything exactly the same but it will be the opposite. However, the question is which one among them both is the original? If an ignorant person passing by looks at the mirror, he or she will think it is real without further investigation, unless he or she tests or examines it carefully. Similarly, when a person with less knowledge listens or study Islam from anyone without looking into authentic material, he or she will simply believe it and spread the same knowledge to others. Basically, it is a deception of Shaytan, who makes a person believe it. The book of Allah and the confirmed ahadith are available to search for the truth, instead just listening to lectures of teachers and accepting everything without searching for the truth.

As generations passed on, there came a Shaytan in the form of human being named Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi. Ahmed Raza Khan was the founder of the Barelvi sect, and he was considered a Sunni scholar. The name “Barelvi” derives from the north Indian town of Bareilly. He came up with many new teachings which contradicted the teachings of the Qur’an and Sunnah. His teachings are still being practiced by the vast majority of Muslims in India and Pakistan.

There are various practices in the Barelvi sect which contradict the Qur’an and Sunnah. Sometimes, Barelvis contradict themselves also. Some claim Allah is everywhere and some of them believe Allah is above the throne. Believing that Allah is everywhere takes them out of fold of Islam because it is shirk, according to some scholars.

Qur’an 7:54

إِنَّ رَبَّكُمُ ٱللَّهُ ٱلَّذِى خَلَقَ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضَ فِى سِتَّةِ أَيَّامٍ۬ ثُمَّ ٱسۡتَوَىٰ عَلَى ٱلۡعَرۡشِ….. (٥٤)

Your Guardian-Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in six Days, then He established Himself on the Throne (of authority): He draweth the night as a veil O’er the day, each seeking the other in rapid succession: He created the sun, the moon, and the stars, (all) governed by laws under His command. Is it not His to create and to govern? Blessed be Allah, the cherisher and sustainer of the Worlds! (54)

Similar statements are made by Barelvis for the Prophet: some say he is alive and some say he is not; some say he had the knowledge of unseen, which was one of the major issues and contradictory statements between Barelvis and the ‘aqeedah of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jama‘ah.

Allah tells the Prophet (pbuh) to tell the people that they do not have any knowledge of the unseen, except for what Allah chose to reveal.

Qur’an 6:50

قُل لَّآ أَقُولُ لَكُمۡ عِندِى خَزَآٮِٕنُ ٱللَّهِ وَلَآ أَعۡلَمُ ٱلۡغَيۡبَ وَلَآ أَقُولُ لَكُمۡ إِنِّى مَلَكٌ‌ۖ إِنۡ أَتَّبِعُ إِلَّا مَا يُوحَىٰٓ إِلَىَّ‌ۚ قُلۡ هَلۡ يَسۡتَوِى ٱلۡأَعۡمَىٰ وَٱلۡبَصِيرُ‌ۚ أَفَلَا تَتَفَكَّرُونَ (٥٠)

Say: “I tell you not that with me are the Treasures of Allah, nor do I know what is hidden, nor do I tell you I am an angel. I but follow what is revealed to me.” Say: “Can the blind be held equal to the seeing?” Will ye then consider not? (50)

This is enough proof directly from Allah for whoever claims that Prophet has knowledge of the unseen. However, Barelvis still use the following hadith to justify their answers:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas: The prophet once passed by two graves and said, “These two persons are being tortured not for a major sin (to avoid). One of them never saved himself from being soiled with his urine, while the other used to go about with calumnies (to make enmity between friends).” The prophet then took a green leaf of a date-palm tree, split it into (pieces) and fixed one on each grave. They said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Why have you done so?” He replied, “I hope that their punishment might be lessened till these (the pieces of the leaf) become dry.”

(Bukhari, 4, 217)

The Prophet has limited knowledge of unseen – only that which Allah revealed to him – but that does not prove that the Prophet has all knowledge Himself (pbuh), and making such statements are shirk unknowingly. It is giving status or equality to someone other than Allah.

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar: Allah’s Apostle (pbuh) said, “Keys of the unseen knowledge are five which nobody knows but Allah…nobody knows what will happen tomorrow; nobody knows what is in the womb; nobody knows what he will gain tomorrow; nobody knows at what place he will die; and nobody knows when it will rain.”

(Bukhari, 17, 149)

The statements are similar to Christians, who believed Jesus (pbuh) as God or the Son of God and that he has all knowledge, but instead Jesus said according to:

Bible

“But of that day and hour knows no man, no, not the angels of heaven, but my Father only.”[King James Version of the Bible, Matthew 24:36]

The reason, Muslims believe on this type of innovations because of no proper knowledge of ‘aqeedah.

Qur’an 59:7

وَمَآ ءَاتَٮٰكُمُ ٱلرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَمَا نَہَٮٰكُمۡ عَنۡهُ فَٱنتَهُواْ‌ۚ وَٱتَّقُواْ ٱللَّهَ‌ۖ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ شَدِيدُ ٱلۡعِقَابِ (٧)

…So take what the Messenger assigns to you, and deny yourselves that which he withholds from you. And fear Allah; for Allah is strict in Punishment. (7)

Allah has set our limits to follow what the Prophet (pbuh) is instructing us without any justifications and providing personal logic.

Currently, the majority of the Barelvi sect follows the well-known Dr. Tahir Ul Qadri, who is the founder of the university “Minhaj Ul Qur’an.”

When I heard one of his speeches, he mentioned, “I swear to Allah I have studied from Imam Abu Haneefah directly, for nine years in Aalam e Roya (The dream world).” (YouTube, Tahir ul Qadri spent 9 years in dream with Imam Abu Hanifah- A big lie)

No one ever claimed similar to what he claimed and there is even more nonsense in his lectures. Yet his followers believes that, he simply make statements from imaginations and dreams like Sufis and think it as a fact.

Another innovative practice is going to graves and putting flowers on the graves and asking help from pious people died. Kissing and prostrating the graves of the dead, sacrificing animals, delivering food and collecting people to recite the Qur’an in the gathering are all innovations. Such practices are not proved by Qur’an or found anywhere in books of ahadith. According to their justifying answers, they do not worship the grave but came to make prayer for the dead that he was pious person or great wali of Allah.

In the video on YouTube, Dr. Qadri is standing by the grave and pointing his fingers to the grave and commanding the dead inside grave,

“Read La Ilaaha Il Allah” and also giving Adhan next to grave and burying him with innovated rituals.

There are no such practices are found anywhere in the books of Hadith.

(YouTube. True Dr Tahir UlQadri Truth)

Another ‘aqeedah of this sect is believing that the Prophet is still alive and that he is everywhere. Among this sect, there is another group that thinks the Prophet (pbuh) is created from “light” or that he is the “light,” a part of the nor of Allah, based on miracles and informing about unseen knowledge. Our first source is the Qur’an, so let’s see what the Qur’an say about the Prophet (pbuh):

Qur’an 8:110

قُلۡ إِنَّمَآ أَنَا۟ بَشَرٌ۬ مِّثۡلُكُمۡ يُوحَىٰٓ إِلَىَّ أَنَّمَآ إِلَـٰهُكُمۡ إِلَـٰهٌ۬ وَٲحِدٌ۬‌ۖ فَمَن كَانَ يَرۡجُواْ لِقَآءَ رَبِّهِۦ فَلۡيَعۡمَلۡ عَمَلاً۬ صَـٰلِحً۬ا وَلَا يُشۡرِكۡ بِعِبَادَةِ رَبِّهِۦۤ أَحَدَۢا (١١٠)

Say: “I am but a man like yourselves, (but) the inspiration has come to me, that your God is one God: whoever expects to meet his Lord, let him work righteousness, and in the worship of his Lord, admit no one as partner.” (110)

The entire fitnah (tribulation) and division is started by Iblees, the only thing that can fight back Shaytan is knowledge with proper understanding of Islam. Iblees chooses one person of high ranking that people can praise, follow him and accept him and follow his teachings. Then, Shaytan use him to innovate to misguide his followers and Shaytan knows that the misguiding in Islam will take a Muslim off the straight path and will end up in hell. In order to be saved from misguiding scholars, imams and teachers, is to adhere yourself to the correct teachings of the Qur’an and Sunnah.

The most truthful of speech is the Book of Allah and the best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad, and the most evil of things are those which are newly-invented.” And he (pbuh) said: “Whoever innovates anything in this matter of ours (i.e., Islam), that is not part of it will have it rejected.”

(Bukhari, 3697)

Whoever innovates anything in this matter of ours (i.e., Islam), that is not part of it will have it rejected.

(Muslim, 1718)

The sect, even differ among themselves on few matters. We also see people reciting Qur’an in gathering after someone die and then repeat after 40 days. The practice is called “Khatam” and after forty days it is called “Chalisiwan” these rituals are practiced mostly in India and Pakistan. This practice doesn’t exist in correct teachings of Islam.

It is innovation when it is formed at a specific time and in particular way. Instead after a person dies any relatives or friends can do charity with Niyyah to send reward to the dead, also can make supplications. Also there are many ways to send reward to the dead by building something, so people can benefit from it and the reward goes to dead. Similarly any educational institution can be built with Niyyah that the reward goes to the dead.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah, Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) said, “When a man dies, his deeds come to an end, but three. 1. Recurring charity, 2. Or Knowledge (by which people) benefit, 3. Or a pious off-spring, who prays for him (for the deceased).

(Muslim, 4005)

Since the Prophet did not know what the Muslims did after His death, it is Allah who will inform the Prophet, that how Muslims have innovate many matters in Islam after His (pbuh.) death.

The Prophet said, “I am your predecessor at the Lake-Fount (Kauthar) and some men amongst you will be brought to me, and when I will try to hand them some water, they will be pulled away from me by force whereupon I will say, ‘O Lord, my companions!’ Then the Almighty will say, ‘You do not know what they did after you left, they introduced new things into the religion after you.

(Bukhari, Vol 9, Bk 88,173)

There is also a major issue in the ‘aqeedah of the Barelvis is, on the night or Miraj Prophet saw Allah. According to Barelvi sect on the night of Miraj Prophet saw Allah and referring to Surah Najm in Qur’an. Please refer to the book which has detailed explanations and proofs from the Qur’an and Saheeh Ahadith.

“Did Muhammad Saw Allah On Miraj Response” book by Abu Ammaar Saeed Ahmed.

Similarly there is an issue of Mawlid or Eid Milad, majority who celebrate the Prophet’s birthday are, Barelvis and among this sect, many had divided with different opinions about this ritual and separated in more groups. Some claim it as, it should not be celebrated and some claim it to be celebrated. Another issue among groups within Barelvi sect, is different forms of celebrating, some celebrate by performing dhikr in a specific time and specific way, by gatherings, by doing dhikr loudly, reciting Qur’an in gatherings. Some celebrate by cooking large containers to distribute to the poor during the Mawlid. However, the point is, it is done choosing specific time, day and particular way. Some celebrate by setting up gatherings at a setup place, like home or masjid, then women and men, separately sing nausheed and singing in musical style. Some even use musical instruments in nausheeds. Some setup programs, stage shows and celebrating happily by singing songs and music and dances and use alcohols or things that are forbidden in Islam. Please refer to the book

“Celebrating The Birthday Of The Prophet Is A Bid’ah” by Abu Ammaar Saeed Ahmed

Among the group leaders there is another well-known leader, “Ilyas Qadri” as second leader has millions of followers, introduced new practices in Islam. He is well-known for offering Wadhifas (supplications for problem), upon researching on his teachings I realize, most of his Wadhifas are not found anywhere in any ahadith books.

Example if a person is sick he will provide the piece of paper with process on how to use the Wadhifa and also provide amulet which includes wordings from Qur’an and written and different ways. He appears on Madani Channel. Also he has second biggest gatherings for Eid Milad, celebrating Prophet’s birthday. People still believes his teachings because of thinking that he is wali of Allah. Majority among his followers has least knowledge of Islam.

Example he will provide a piece of paper which has information on how to cure and do Dhikr so and so many times to be cured but such rituals of practices and never done by the Prophet or his Companions, except that Allah or the Prophet (pbuh) has instructed. They have their own Aqaids which contradicts the teachings of the Prophet (pbuh). Another practice is found among them is, visiting graves, shrines, tombs and putting big layers of flowers on top of graves with green piece  of cloth over the grave. According to Sunnah the grave shouldn’t be raised from ground or make masjids or building above the graves. We will be able to see many videos on YouTube regarding issue that vast majority in Barelvi sects visit graves for supplications.

Abu’l-Hayyaj al-Asadi told that ‘Ali (b. Abu Talib) said to him: Should I not send you on the same mission as Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) sent me? Do not leave an image without obliterating it or a high grave without leveling It. This hadith has been reported by Habib with the same chain of transmitters and he said: (Do not leave) a picture without obliterating it.

(Muslim, 4, 2115)

Still there are many groups within Barelvi groups had more sub groups, similar to Shia that has about 20+ sect within Shia with difference teachings. The practices of such sect were introduced later by their founder of the sect not by the Prophet or his Companions.

The acts and justifications of innovators are simply from Iblees. When we look at the story of Adam and Iblees, Allah asked Iblees to prostrate to Adam. Iblees tried logical arguments with Allah, but instead, he was supposed to just obey and prostrate. Similarly, if we compare this example to innovators, they will surely have their own justifications.

Qur’an 3:32

قُلۡ أَطِيعُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَٱلرَّسُولَ‌ۖ فَإِن تَوَلَّوۡاْ فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ ٱلۡكَـٰفِرِينَ (٣٢)

(Prophet) Say: “obey Allah and his messenger”: But if they turn back, Allah loveth not those who reject Faith.

Qur’an 4:59

يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ أَطِيعُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُواْ ٱلرَّسُولَ وَأُوْلِى ٱلۡأَمۡرِ مِنكُمۡ‌ۖ فَإِن تَنَـٰزَعۡتُمۡ فِى شَىۡءٍ۬ فَرُدُّوهُ إِلَى ٱللَّهِ وَٱلرَّسُولِ إِن كُنتُمۡ تُؤۡمِنُونَ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلۡيَوۡمِ ٱلۡأَخِرِ‌ۚ ذَٲلِكَ خَيۡرٌ۬ وَأَحۡسَنُ تَأۡوِيلاً (٥٩)

O ye who believe! obey Allah, and obey the messenger, and those charged with authority among you. If ye differ in anything among yourselves, refer it to Allah and his messenger, if ye do believe in Allah and the Last Day: That is best, and most suitable for final determination.

The verses above tell us to stick with the teachings of Qur’an and the confirmed Sunnah, instead of just following anyone blindly. A Muslim has to dedicate more time towards gaining knowledge, so he or she will not be trapped by Shaytan.

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